Richmond Civil War Interpretive Sign Commissioned by Kiwanis Club
of Richmond Dedicated
An interpretive sign describing the role the Palmer
House (now the pro shop of the Battlefield Golf Course) as a field
hospital in the aftermath of the Battle of Richmond, Kentucky
during the Civil War was sponsored by the Kiwanis Club of Richmond.
Included as part of the interpretive sign was a scene
depicting the use of the Palmer House as a hospital. The caption
under the photo on the sign reads "The Palmer House became
a refuge for civilians as well as wounded soldiers. The Palmer's
neighbor Elizabeth Armstrong, her children and slaves,
took refuge in the Palmer House after their home, Pleasant View,
became engulfed in the conflict."
A detail from the mural (on display inside of the Palmer
House, now the pro shop of the Battlefield Golf Course) shows
Elizabeth Armstrong and her children and slaves approaching
the Palmer House. At the door of the house is a doctor waving
a greeting to Mrs. Armstrong. On the left is a photo of a detail
of Richmond resident, General John Miller of the Union Army, being
carried to the Palmer House field hospital for treatment by the
There were many such field hospitals needed because
of the significant number who were wounded and killed in the Battle
of Richmond. The Battle of Richmond, fought Aug. 29-30, 1862,
was the second largest Civil War battle in Kentucky, and was one
of the most decisive and complete Confederate victories of the
entire war with the Union army retreating in disarray and chaos.
Of the 6,500 Union troops who went into battle, some 4,300 were
taken prisoner and more than 1,000 were either killed or wounded.
The Confederates, who were some 6,600 strong, lost only 128
men -- 118 who were killed and 10 listed as missing in action.
The description on the interpretive sign reads:
The interpretive sign also displays a photo of a monument
to Gen. John Miller which is located in the Richmond Cemetery
along with the graves of many soldiers who died during the Battle
Kiwanis logo and legend on the Palmer House interpretive
sign. It reads: "The Palmer House Battle of Richmond sign
is sponsored by the Kiwanis Club of Richmond. Kiwanis is a global
organization of volunteers dedicated to changing the world, one
child and one community at a time."
to view the Mural displayed in the Palmer House also supported
by the Kiwanis Club of Richmond
The Palmer House
In the accounts of the first phase of the Battle of
Richmond several houses are mentioned, either in terms of landmarks
or as field hospitals. The Thomas Palmer house is an example
of both. This house was within sight of the 69th Indiana's line,
which anchored the Union right west of Mt. Zion Church. It was
also very near this structure that Churchill's Confederate division
emerged after marching north through the draw created by Mound
Creek. During the battle, the Palmer house suffered severe damage
from the two-hour artillery bombardment.
Some of the Union soldiers of the 69th Indiana and
the 95th Ohio who were wounded during the battle were taken to
the Palmer House for treatment of their wounds. Among the Union
soldiers treated at the Palmer House was General John Miller,
a civilian volunteer. Miller, a member of one of Richmond's founding
families, joined Gen. Charles Cruff''s staff as an aide.
Miller was mortally wounded trying to rally Union soldiers who
were fleeing the battlefield. He died of his wounds six days
after the battle. Miller is buried in the Richmond Cemetery.
A traditional story reports that Confederate soldiers
ransacked the house after they found Union soldiers drinking
some form of distilled spirits stored in the house or outbuildings.
to Richmond Kiwanis Introduction Page